File Name: economic growth and business cycles .zip
Gregory Clark, Harley, Lindert, Peter H.
Gregory Clark, Harley, Lindert, Peter H. Crafts, Crafts, N. R, Harley, C. Knick, Peter King, Arthur F. Mitchell, Feinstein, Charles H. Morten O. Richard Perren, Bogart, Dan, Discussion Papers. Murrell, Peter, Peter Murrell, Bottomley, Sean, Broadberry, Stephen; Gupta, Radoslaw Radek Stefanski, Radoslaw Stefanski, Alexandra M.
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Luis Angeles, Judy Z. Stephenson, Stokey, Nancy L. More about this item Keywords Economic growth ; business cycle ; Great Britain ; annual data ; All these keywords. Statistics Access and download statistics Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors.
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Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papers , articles , software , chapters , books. FRED data. Registered: Stephen Broadberry Bas van Leeuwen. The series is constructed in real terms from the output side, using volume indicators and value added weights.
Sectoral estimates are provided for agriculture, industry and services, and for a number of sub-sectors. Estimates of nominal GDP are also provided, based on a benchmark for and projected back to and forward to using the real output series and sectoral price indices.
The new data are used to provide a consistent account of economic growth and the business cycle. The results are broadly consistent with the long run path of real output suggested by Crafts and Harley, although growth rates for sub-periods differ, largely as a result of changes in the growth of agriculture.
Nominal GDP increased more rapidly than suggested by Lindert and Williamson during the eighteenth century, and more slowly than suggested by Deane and Cole during the first half of the nineteenth century, as a result of differences in the price indices. We also refine the business cycle chronologies of Ashton and Gayer, Rostow and Schwartz. Broadberry, Stephen; Van Leeuwen, Bas, Handle: RePEc:cge:wacage as.
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In this survey, we discuss the effect of macroeconomic fluctuations on long-run growth from both a theoretical and empirical perspective. We emphasize the 'opportunity cost' approach, which states that firms will intertemporally substitute productivity-enhancing activities for regular production activity during recessions. We provide aggregate evidence in favour of the opportunity-cost approach. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.
The methods used in our two survey papers on real business cycles King,Plosser and Rebelo, a,b are detailed in this document. Our presentationof the basic neoclassical model of growth and business cycles is broken intothree parts. First, we describe the model and its steady state, discussing:the structure of the environment including government policy rules; the natureof optimal individual decisions and the dynamic competitive equilibrium;technical restrictions to insure steady state growth; comparable restrictionson preferences and policy rules; stationary levels and ratios in the steadystate; and the nature of a transformed economy. Second, we detail methods forstudying near steady-state dynamics, considering: the linear approximationapproach; the rational expectations solution algorithm; the nature ofalternative solutions; and the special case of the fixed labor model. Third,we discuss the computation of simulations, moments and impulse responses.
Economic growth can be caused by random fluctuations, seasonal fluctuations, changes in the business cycle, and long-term structural causes. Policy can influence the latter two. Business cycles refer to the regular cyclical pattern of economic boom expansions and bust recessions.
Thisarticle explores the links between cyclical fluctuations andlong-run growth in the context of an endogenous growth modelwith aggregate demand externalities. In this model, aggregatedemand and growth rates are positively correlated. In the presenceof exogenous cyclical shocks, the model is able to generate persistentfluctuations through the effects that business cycles have onaggregate demand, profits and technological progress. Persistencebecomes a measure of the response to business cycles of growth-relatedvariables.
The business cycle , also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle , are the fluctuations of gross domestic product GDP around its long-term growth trend. These fluctuations typically involve shifts over time between periods of relatively rapid economic growth expansions or booms and periods of relative stagnation or decline contractions or recessions. Business cycles are usually measured by considering the growth rate of real gross domestic product. Despite the often-applied term cycles , these fluctuations in economic activity may or may not exhibit uniform or predictable periodicity. The common or popular usage boom-and-bust cycle refers to fluctuations in which the expansion is rapid and the contraction severe.
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