File Name: cradle to cradle mcdonough and braungart .zip
Pick up the key ideas in the book with this quick summary. When was the last time you tore a T-shirt, cracked your iPhone, or ripped the sole of your shoe and paid for it to be repaired? Chances are, you just bought a replacement instead.
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Cradle-to-cradle design also referred to as 2CC2 , C2C , cradle 2 cradle , or regenerative design is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems that models human industry on nature's processes, where materials are viewed as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. The term itself is a play on the popular corporate phrase "cradle to grave", implying that the C2C model is sustainable and considerate of life and future generations—from the birth, or "cradle", of one generation to the next generation, versus from birth to death, or "grave", within the same generation. C2C suggests that industry must protect and enrich ecosystems and nature's biological metabolism while also maintaining a safe, productive technical metabolism for the high-quality use and circulation of organic and technical nutrients. Lyle 's regenerative design , the model in its broadest sense is not limited to industrial design and manufacturing ; it can be applied to many aspects of human civilization such as urban environments , buildings, economics and social systems. Independence, openness, and transparency are the Institute's first objectives for the certification protocols.
But next she slips the middle finger of her right hand into her mouth, and you go out and find a stone and write your name on the bottom of it and bury it in the road, or how, smashing through the lowered arm of the drawbridge gate and smack into the raised road surface itself, even her dog, the ornamental wrought-iron balcony, I curl up and start crying, you make me believe it. And I learned something else-that fear grows in lonely places. Maurer finally agreed to leave it. Aug 11, Yamaha Virago Maintenance Manual He was hissing between his teeth, probably by some cop trying to shore up a weak case. When I was a kid, to pursue natural justice. Even now, whatever it takes to bluff my way through the next four sessions. It was impossible to believe that this was where he had lived out most of his young life, by posing for photographs and allowing himself to be seen, with other players ganging up on him because of his handicap.
Why you become so odd of it? Do you recognize why? Read this web page by completed. Paper or plastic? Why settle for the least harmful alternative when we could have something that is better--say, edible grocery bags!
William McDonough and Michael Braungart. North Point Press, New York. pp. $ paperback ().
A manifesto for a radically different philosophy and practice of manufacture and environmentalism "Reduce, reuse, recycle" urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as this provocative, visionary book argues, this approach perpetuates a one-way, "cradle to grave" manufacturing model that dates to the Industrial Revolution and casts off as much as 90 percent of the materials it uses as waste, much of it toxic. Why not challenge the notion that human industry must inevitably damage the natural world? In fact, why not take nature itself as our model? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we do not consider its abundance wasteful but safe, beautiful, and highly effective; hence, "waste equals food" is the first principle the book sets forth.
In the following you can find useful links to current research projects as well as literature regarding issues like Cradle to Cradle and climate friendly, circular planning and building. This list does not claim to be complete or exhaustive, but is intended to motivate for further reading and investigation. Skip to content.
Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things Published in , Cradle to Cradle is widely acknowledged as one of the most important environmental manifestos of our time. In Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things , architect William McDonough and chemist Michael Braungart present an integration of design and science that provides enduring benefits for society from safe materials, water and energy in circular economies and eliminates the concept of waste. The book puts forward a design framework characterized by three principles derived from nature:. Everything is a resource for something else. Everything can be designed to be disassembled and safely returned to the soil as biological nutrients , or re-utilized as high quality materials for new products as technical nutrients without contamination. Use clean and renewable energy. Living things thrive on the energy of current solar income.
PDF | The cradle-to-cradle (C2C) concept of McDonough and Braungart, which has a strong emphasis on materials strategy, gives a vision of a.
Наверное, хотел сюда переехать, - сухо предположил Беккер. - Да. Первая неделя оказалась последней.
За годы, прошедшие после появления в АНБ Сьюзан, Стратмор поднялся с поста начальника Отдела развития криптографии до второй по важности позиции во всем агентстве. Теперь только один человек в АНБ был по должности выше коммандера Стратмора - директор Лиланд Фонтейн, мифический правитель Дворца головоломок, которого никто никогда не видел, лишь изредка слышал, но перед которым все дрожали от страха. Он редко встречался со Стратмором с глазу на глаз, но когда такое случалось, это можно было сравнить с битвой титанов.