hypertension and heart disease pdf Friday, May 14, 2021 2:58:46 AM

Hypertension And Heart Disease Pdf

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Published: 14.05.2021

Hypertension is an increasing health problem worldwide especially among the elderly.

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe health complications and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work.

2018 ESC/ESH Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension

In most cases, the damage done by high blood pressure HBP, or hypertension takes place over time. Left undetected or uncontrolled , high blood pressure can lead to:. When your blood pressure is too high for too long, it damages your blood vessels — and LDL bad cholesterol begins to accumulate along tears in your artery walls. This increases the workload of your circulatory system while decreasing its efficiency. As a result, high blood pressure puts you at greater risk for developing life-changing and potentially life-threating conditions.

Hypertensive Heart Disease

Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart problems that occur because of high blood pressure that is present over a long time. High blood pressure means the pressure inside the blood vessels called arteries is too high. As the heart pumps against this pressure, it must work harder. Over time, this causes the heart muscle to thicken. Because there are often no symptoms with high blood pressure, people can have the problem without knowing it. Symptoms most often do not occur until after many years of poor blood pressure control, when damage to the heart has occurred. Eventually, the muscle may become so thick that it does not get enough oxygen.

Blood pressure relationship with risk of cardiovascular and renal events. Importance of hypertension-mediated organ damage in refining cardiovascular risk assessment in hypertensive patients. Advantages and disadvantages of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and home blood pressure monitoring. Clinical indications for out-of-office blood pressure measurements. Using hypertension-mediated organ damage to help stratify risk in hypertensive patients. Hypertension-mediated organ damage regression and cardiovascular risk reduction with antihypertensive treatment. When to refer a patient with hypertension for hospital-based care.

Health Threats From High Blood Pressure

Given that the life expectancy and the burden of hypertension are projected to increase over the next decade, hypertensive heart disease HHD may be expected to play an even more central role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease CVD. A broader understanding of the features and underlying mechanisms that constitute HHD therefore is of paramount importance. HHD is a condition that arises as a result of elevated blood pressure and constitutes a key underlying mechanism for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

The heart working under increased pressure causes some different heart disorders. Hypertensive heart disease includes heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other conditions. Hypertensive heart disease can cause serious health problems. The types of hypertensive heart disease include:. Coronary arteries transport blood to your heart muscle.

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Hypertensive heart disease

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Hypertension is the most prevalent treatable cardiovascular disease affecting approximately one in four adults or million USA residents. It affects men and​.