File Name: encyclopedia of cults and new religions .zip
Along with Karl Marx and Max Weber, he is credited as being one of the principal founders of modern sociology.
Payne, Richard E. Oakland: University of California Press,
James R. Some of the over 1, groups included have attained solid membership beyond one to three congregations, one generation or one charismatic founder, but many are flickers in the field of American religious variety. Lewis a professor of Religious Studies at the World University of America and the other scholars who authored these descriptions maintain a tone of respect without endorsing any one group. They requested that each group review their description for accuracy.
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The article integrates several lines of research and considers new religions to reach a definition of this field of study of fringy religious phenomena. Keywords: new religions studies , cults , sects , religious groups , religious movements , religious culture , secular culture. He is a leading scholar of New Religious Movements and the author of such standard reference works as the Encyclopedia of American Religions. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
A new religious movement NRM is a religious , ethical, or spiritual group or community with practices of relatively modern origins. NRMs may be novel in origin or they may exist on the fringes of a wider religion, in which case they will be distinct from pre-existing denominations. Academics identify a variety of characteristics which they employ in categorizing groups as new religious movements. The term is broad and inclusive, rather than sharply defined. New religious movements are generally seen as syncretic, employing human and material assets to disseminate their ideas and worldviews, deviating in some degree from a society's traditional forms or doctrines, focused especially upon the self, and having a peripheral relationship that exists in a state of tension with established societal conventions.
NRMs are characterized by a number of shared traits. These movements are often highly eclectic , pluralistic, and syncretistic; they freely combine doctrines and practices from diverse sources within their belief systems. The new movement is usually founded by a charismatic and sometimes highly authoritarian leader who is thought to have extraordinary powers or insights. Many NRMs are tightly organized.
The first thing that this reviewer noticed when going through the pages of the newly-published Encyclopedia of New Religions was the excellent choice of illustrations. This may seem like a minor issue, but it is not: instead of selecting illustrations already used in many previous publications, the publishers have to a large extent succeeded in choosing pictures that have rarely been used before in similar volumes. And this is actually representative of the content of the volume in general. Quite often, dictionary-style entries on religious movements are more or less bound to repeat in a marginally different way what has already been presented in other volumes. This is not the case here: although it is by no way a simple accomplishment in a one- or two-page entry, the contributors have often succeeded in presenting religious movements in a fresh way.
A new religious movement NRM , also known as a new religion or an alternative spirituality , is a religious or spiritual group that has modern origins but is peripheral to its society's dominant religious culture. NRMs can be novel in origin or they can be part of a wider religion , in which case they are distinct from pre-existing denominations. Some NRMs deal with the challenges which the modernizing world poses to them by embracing individualism , while other NRMs deal with them by embracing tightly knit collective means.
At the time, it was a much-needed overview of a rapidly-expanding area of study; it received recognition in the form of a Choice book award. The second edition brings this task up to date. In addition to updating most of the original topics, the new edition takes in more topics by expanding the volume from 22 to 32 chapters, and enlarges the scope of the book by doubling the number of contributors from outside of North America. Following an introductory section devoted to social-scientific approaches to New Religious Movements NRMs , the second section focuses on what has been uppermost in the minds of the general public, namely the controversies that have surrounded these groups. The third section examines certain themes in the study of NRMs, such as the status of children and women in such movements.
Стратмор поднял руку, давая понять, что ему нужно подумать. Сьюзан опасливо перевела взгляд в сторону люка. Его не было видно за корпусом ТРАНСТЕКСТА, но красноватое сияние отражалось от черного кафеля подобно огню, отражающемуся ото льда.
В ней говорилось о том, к чему она совершенно не была готова. Последние слова записки стали для нее сильнейшим ударом. И в первую очередь я сожалею о Дэвиде Беккере.
Еще одна спираль. Ему все время казалось, что Беккер совсем рядом, за углом. Одним глазом он следил за тенью, другим - за ступенями под ногами. Вдруг Халохоту показалось, что тень Беккера как бы споткнулась.
Murtad berfaedah adalah seseorang yang sengaja keluar dari suatu agama.Gillen C. 24.05.2021 at 03:02
Her main research interest is 'cults', 'sects' and new religious movements, the changes they undergo and the social reactions to which they give rise.