File Name: fundamentals of production planning and control by stephen n chapman .zip
This focused book concentrates on planning and control; it answers the question: "what parts of operations management do we really need to know? Books by Stephen N. By Stephen N.
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Please help us to share our service with your friends. Share Embed Donate. ISBN X 1. Production planning-Automation. Production control-Automation. Computer integrated manufacturing systems. C PrinterIBinder: Courier-Stoughton Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on the appropriate page within text. All rights reserved, Printed in the United States of America.
This publication is protected by Copyright and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise.
For information regarding permission s , write to: rights and Permissions Department. Pearson Education LTD. My formal education had virtually nothing to do with industry or business. I can only guess that my employer saw the energy and enthusiasm and figured the knowledge would come. Well it did come, but not easily. As I went through those agonizing years, I frequently recall myself thinking, "There must be an easier way to get a fundamental understanding of these concepts and how they relate to each other and to business without going through all I went through.
I finally got the formal education as well, completing a PhD in Operations at the somewhat advanced age of As I entered academics, I continued to be very actively involved with industry, both in consulting and research.
I would continually encounter young people both in the university and in industry that reminded me of myself at the start of my career- greatly in need of a fundamental understanding of planning and control. I was very aware of the extent of the great sources of information that were available. My position as an academic and as a member of the Curriculum and Certification Council of APICS made it critical for me to keep up with publications in the field.
My perception of much of this material is that it is very well done and extensive in its coverage. There is also a great deal of it, and much of it is often too detailed for the needs of someone like myself at the beginning of my career. That recognition brought about my plan for this book. The focus is a fundamental knowledge approach. There are many very good general operations management books that bring the reader a much farther breadth of knowledge than just planning and control.
There are also a few extremely good books focused more on just planning and control, but the depth of coverage can often overwhelm someone relatively new to the field. Since I noticed a lack of a focused approach that covered primarily fundamental principles, it made sense to fill this void. In addition to fundamental principles dealing with the focused area of planning and control, it also seemed important to explain how these principles and approaches interact within the context of the business environment for which they are providing support.
That is also a primary focus for this book. The book provides some references to some of those sources, but not extensively. It represents some of the knowledge I have gained over many years from many sources and many personal successes and failures.
Rather than being written in a typical academic style, I attempted to present the material in logical form that while not academically exhaustive, hopefully will provide the understanding and integrative focus that took my many years to accumulate.
Some, however, come to mind as being significant sources of learning for me, and therefore their influence on me is reflected favorably in this book. Davis, Ross Video; Michael R. Williams, University of North Texas. Finally, I must acknowledge the most important person in both my learning and in the completion of this book: my wife, Jeannine. Her support and encouragement during my career and while writing this book provided a major role. Virtually every organization -large, small, manufacturing, service, for profit or not for profit-has as its central function the production of some defined output from its processes.
In order for that organization to be effective and efficient in serving its customers, the managers of the organization must understand and apply certain fundamental principles of planning for the production of the output and also controlling the process producing the output as it is being produced. The subject of this book is to identify and explain those fundamental principles. While the planning and control approaches discussed in this book are most commonly used in manufacturing companies, many are used or have been adapted for use in service companies.
Those differences in operations leading to different uses are discussed, as are several of the environmental issues that heavily influence the design and use of the approaches to planning and control that are selected. Service organizations are, of course, those organizations whose primary outputs are not manufactured goods, but instead services to individuals. Legal services, accounting services, banking, insurance, and haircutting are all examples of "production" outputs that are services.
There are clearly some major differences between a service and manufacturing environment, and these differences do impact the formality and approach taken in the application of these principles, but often the principles do still apply. This book approaches the explanation of the principles in their most formal and structured application, which tend to reflect the manufacturing environment.
Where applications can be applied in service settings, an attempt is made to describe those applications as well. To that extent, this book applies to both manufacturing and service operations.
It is interesting to note in this discussion that as service organizations become larger and have many "branches," such as banks, that some services particularly the "home offices" of banks, insurance companies, etc. These cases are sometimes called "quasimanufacturing" organiza tions. To some extent the service organization's approach to planning and control is more difficult to manage, for at least four major reasons. It is these four issues that generally provide the major influence on the way that planning and control approaches are designed for service organizations: Timing.
In service organizations there is often little time between the recognition of demand and the expected delivery of the process output. Customers enter some service establishments and expect almost instantaneous delivery of the output. Appointments and reservations in some service establishments are examples of how they attempt to control the demand for process output.
Customer Contact. Related to the issue of timing is the fact that the customer in a service environment is often much more involved in the design of the "product" or output of the experience. In addition, the contact point is often the person who will be delivering the service. In that respect the service worker can be thought of as both a sales person and an operations worker. A key dimension of quality in service organizations is that much of the quality may be intangible, making it much more difficult to effectively measure.
It is impossible, for example, to inventory a haircut. Many people in manufacturing may be taken aback by the image of inventory as a luxury, given that they are often pressed for inventory reduction, but in fact inventory in the perspective of manufacturing planning can be thought of as "stored capacity. It will, in this context, allow the firm to provide a somewhat smoother application of the output processes, thereby making them more efficient and often more effective.
Among the most critical of these factors are the volume and variety of the expected output, and those issues in turn tend to be largely driven by the amount of influence the customer has in the design of the product or service delivered to them from the organization's processes.
In some cases the issue of customer design influence is a part of the firm's basic strategy, but in some cases it is a reaction to market drivers. Many automobiles, for example, are purchased as finished goods from a dealer's lot primarily because the customers do not wish to wait for an automobile that is ordered with the exact options they want. That extent of customer influence tends to be described by the following categories, listed here in the order of influence, from less to more: Make-to-Stock MTS.
As the name implies, these are products that are completely made into their final form and stocked as finished goods. The collective customer base may have some influence on the overall design in the early product design phase, but an individual customer has essentially only one decision to make once the product is made-to purchase or not to purchase. Again, these purchase patterns can influence overall product design changes, but not usually in the case of an individual customer.
Examples of these products are very common, as found in virtually all retail stores such as hardware, clothing, office supplies, and so on. Assemble-to-Order ATO. In this case the customer has some more influence on the design, in that they can often select various options from pre designed subassemblies.
The producer will then assemble these options into the final product for the customer. Automobiles and personal computers are good examples of these types of products. If a customer orders an automobile from a dealer, for example, they can often choose from a variety of colors, body styles, engines, transmissions, and other "pure" options, such as cruise control.
In some industries this approach is sometimes called Package-to-Order, in that it is the packaging that is customer specified. In products such as breakfast cereals or baking products flour, baking soda, etc.
A service example of ATO may be in some restaurants, where the customer can specify their choice of side dishes for their meal. They may have little option as to how those side dishes are prepared, but do have some say in which ones they select. Make-to-Order MTO. This environment allows the customer to specify the exact design of the final product or service, as long as they use standard raw materials and components. An example might be a specialty furniture maker or a bakery.
In the bakery, for example, a customer may specify a special cake be produced for an occasion such as a birthday or anniversary. They have many design options for the cake and its decorations, although they may be limited to certain sizes of cake pans, cake flavorings, and so on. Engineer-to Order ETO. In this case the customer has almost complete say in the design of the product or service.
They are often not even limited to the use of standard components or raw material, but can have the producer deliver something designed "from scratch. There are essentially five categories given to describe the process used in production, although in practice there are several combinations of these basic types.
The five categories typically given are: Project. A project-based process typically assumes a one-of-a-kind production output, such as building a new building or developing a new software application. Projects are typically large in scope and will often be managed by teams of individuals brought together for this one-time activity based on their particular skills. The planning and control approaches to managing a project are so specialized they are not covered in this book.
The reader is referred to one of the many good references specifically focused on the management of projects, such as "5-Phase Project Management" by Weiss and Wysocki.
Job processes job shop processes are typically designed for flexibility.
CAS 4 - Cost of production for captive consumption Nature Cost accounting is a practice of cost control which is as follows: a Cost accounting is a branch of systematic knowledge that is a discipline by itself. It consist its own principles, concepts and conventions which may vary from industry to industry. Fundamentals of Production Planning and Control; such as the development and application of software solutions, inventory management, and lean production concepts. Fundamentals of Production Planning and Control. Stephen N. Book Type. Business And Accounts.
An excellent handbook for operations managers, production control workers, inventory control employees, and those involved in supply chain, logistics, and materials management. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Book Description Pearson, Condition: New.
The Fundamentals of Production Planning and Control by Stephen N. Chapman Brief Contents CHAPTER 1 Overview of Planning and Control 1 CHAPTER 2.
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Но я слышу какие-то звуки. Далекий голос… - Дэвид. Он почувствовал болезненное жжение в боку. Мое тело мне больше не принадлежит. И все же он слышал чей-то голос, зовущий. Тихий, едва различимый. Но этот голос был частью его .
Стратмор развернул монитор так, чтобы Сьюзан было. Экран отливал странным темно-бордовым цветом, и в самом его низу диалоговое окно отображало многочисленные попытки выключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ. После каждой из них следовал один и тот же ответ: ИЗВИНИТЕ.
Сьюзан трудно было поверить в такое удачное совпадение. - Его погубило слабое сердце - вот так. Слишком уж удобная версия. Стратмор пожал плечами. - Слабое сердце… да к тому же еще испанская жара. Не забывай и о сильнейшем стрессе, связанном с попыткой шантажировать наше агентство… Сьюзан замолчала. Какими бы ни были обстоятельства, она почувствовала боль от потери талантливого коллеги-криптографа.
Это был высокий мужчина крепкого сложения с густыми светлыми волосами и глубокой ямкой на подбородке. Он отличался громким голосом и безвкусно-крикливой манерой одеваться. Коллеги-криптографы прозвали его Галит - таково научное название каменной соли. Хейл же был уверен, что галит - некий драгоценный камень, поэтому считал, что это прозвище вполне соответствует его выдающимся умственным способностям и прекрасному телосложению. Будь он менее самонадеян, он, конечно же, заглянул бы в энциклопедию и обнаружил, что это не что иное, как солевой осадок, оставшийся после высыхания древних морей.
Таблица умножения, - сказал Беккер. При чем здесь таблица умножения? - подумала Сьюзан. - Что он хочет этим сказать. - Четыре на шестнадцать, - повторил профессор. - Лично я проходил это в четвертом классе. Сьюзан вспомнила стандартную школьную таблицу. Четыре на шестнадцать.
Человек, попытавшийся ее удержать, выглядел растерянным и напуганным, такого лица у него она не видела. - Сьюзан, - умоляюще произнес Стратмор, не выпуская ее из рук. - Я все объясню. Она попыталась высвободиться.
И они делают их все более и более миниатюрными, - подумал. Прикрыв глаза, давая им долгожданный отдых, он вдруг почувствовал, что кто-то тянет его за ногу.
He is passionate about his profession.Stefanie N. 19.05.2021 at 16:30
He wore a white T-shirt and jeans washed until the blue was practically a memory.