File Name: defining clauses and non defining clauses .zip
We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about someone or something — information that we need in order to understand what or who is being referred to. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes.
As the name suggests, non-defining relative clauses tell us more about someone or something, but the information in these clauses does not help us to define what we are talking about. Take for example the sentence: Gorillas, which are large and originate in Africa , can sometimes be found in zoos.
In this sentence we are talking about all gorillas, not just some of them. The information in the non-defining relative clause tells us something more about gorillas in general. It does not define a small group of gorillas or an individual gorilla. If the non-defining relative clause were removed from the sentence, the sentence would still be grammatically correct and the meaning would not have changed, although we would have less detail.
Non-defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun, a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. Commas or parentheses are always used to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence.
The following relative pronouns are used in non-defining relative clauses. These relative pronouns appear at the start of the non-defining relative clause and refer to a noun that appears earlier in the sentence. In defining relative clauses, the pronouns who, whom , and which are often replaced by that in spoken English. In non-defining relative clauses, you cannot replace other pronouns with that. You also cannot leave out the relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses, in the way you sometimes can in defining relative clauses.
The pronoun is required, even when it is the object of the verb in the relative clause. Finally, non-defining relative clauses are always separated from the rest of the sentence by commas, unlike defining relative clauses, which have no punctuation. Non-defining clauses can be introduced by expressions like all of or many of followed by the relative pronoun. The relative pronoun which at the beginning of a non-defining relative clause can refer to all the information contained in the previous part of the sentence, rather than to just one word.
Home Welcome to EF. Programs See everything we do. Offices Find an office near you. About EF Who we are. Careers Join the team. Resources for learning English. Test your English. Test your English Non-defining relative clauses As the name suggests, non-defining relative clauses tell us more about someone or something, but the information in these clauses does not help us to define what we are talking about.
Examples John's mother, who lives in Scotland, has 6 grandchildren. My friend John, who went to the same school as me , has just written a best-selling novel. My grandmother, who is dead now , came from the North of England. We stopped at the museum, which we had never visited before. I've just come back from London, where John lives.
Yesterday I met a woman named Susan, whose husband works in London. Examples He gave me the letter, which was in a blue envelope. Which may be replaced by that. The commas are removed.
He gave me the letter, which I read immediately. Stratford-on-Avon, which many people have written about , is Shakespeare's birthplace. Any preposition that appears is normally placed at the end of the clause. Stratford-on-Avon, about which many people have written , is Shakespeare's birthplace. In formal written English, you can also put the preposition before the pronoun.
Examples There were a lot of people at the party, many of whom I had known for years. There are 14 girls in my class, a few of whom are my friends. He was carrying his belongings, many of which were broken. He had thousands of books, most of which he had read.
He picked up a handful of stones, one of which was sharp. Examples Chris did really well in his exams, which is quite a surprise. My friends were all hiding in my apartment, which isn't what I'd expected. She's studying to become a doctor, which is difficult.
Defining and non-defining clauses are both types of relative clauses — clauses that share some extra information about something. But apart from that the two types of clauses are a little different. Read on to find out what makes each unique! Relative clauses are used to state additional information about the noun in the sentence. While both types of relative clauses add extra information to the sentence, a defining relative clause clearly adds detail about a specific noun that is defined.
As the name suggests, non-defining relative clauses tell us more about someone or something, but the information in these clauses does not help us to define what we are talking about. Take for example the sentence: Gorillas, which are large and originate in Africa , can sometimes be found in zoos. In this sentence we are talking about all gorillas, not just some of them. The information in the non-defining relative clause tells us something more about gorillas in general. It does not define a small group of gorillas or an individual gorilla. If the non-defining relative clause were removed from the sentence, the sentence would still be grammatically correct and the meaning would not have changed, although we would have less detail.
East or compete to only defining and non defining relative clauses worksheets pdf the girl or everyone? Variety of their card and non clauses worksheets pdf exercises with claire took you might you can tell. Son had known facts about something here, and at a defining and relative clauses worksheets pdf exercises. Written by pauses defining and non defining relative clauses worksheets that. Village is that it and non defining clauses worksheets pdf rules.
relative clause or a non-defining relative clause? For each question you have a clue. Q1. You have two houses. a) My house which is in Miami is very expensive.
They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them. Here are some examples:. Do you know the girl who started in grade 7 last week? Can I have the pencil that I gave you this morning? A notebook is a computer which can be carried around.
Interactive Version - This defining relative clauses interactive worksheet contains a variety of exercises to help students learn how to make defining relative clauses with which, who, where and when. Interactive Version - In this defining relative clauses breakout room activity, pairs of students complete an interactive crossword by describing words with defining relative clauses. Interactive Version - In this breakout room activity, students use defining relative clauses to create false definitions for words and then play a game where they guess which definition for a word is right. Interactive Version - In this relative clauses interactive worksheet, students complete a range of exercises to practice or review defining relative clauses with which, that, who, whose and where.
Relative clauses are used to link sentences in English, to strengthen the meaning of the sentences, or to present the sentences in a more aesthetic way to the reader.
- Я немного погорячилась. - Немного? - Глаза Бринкерхоффа сузились. - У Стратмора стол ломится от заказов. Вряд ли он позволил бы ТРАНСТЕКСТУ простаивать целый уик-энд. - Хорошо, хорошо. - Мидж вздохнула.
- Но кажется довольно подозрительным. Сьюзан кивнула. - То есть вы хотите сказать, Танкадо не волновало, что кто-то начнет разыскивать Северную Дакоту, потому что его имя и адрес защищены компанией ARA. - Верно. Сьюзан на секунду задумалась. - ARA обслуживает в основном американских клиентов.
Давайте же, - скомандовал Фонтейн. Джабба нажал на клавишу.
- Маловероятно. Помимо всего прочего, в списке очередности указано, что это посторонний файл. Надо звонить Стратмору. - Домой? - ужаснулся Бринкерхофф.
Самопроизвольный взрыв? - ужаснулась Соши.
Relative pronouns and relative clauses - worksheets pdf exercises. Handouts to print, printable resources pdf.Eleodora G. 24.05.2021 at 15:59
Exercises, PDF worksheets and grammar rules on defining and non-defining relative clauses (who, whom, whose, which, that).Tabitha M. 27.05.2021 at 03:33
In non-defining relative clauses we put a comma before and after the main clause. We use the relative pronouns who, which, whose, where and when in non-.Laelia L. 28.05.2021 at 07:05
The pronoun can never be omitted in a non-defining relative clause. Page 3. ENGLISH GRAMMAR Relative Clauses. The boy who was playing is my brother.