File Name: the pope and mussolini .zip
Forty years have passed since Leo XIII's peerless Encyclical, On the Condition of Workers , first saw the light, and the whole Catholic world, filled with grateful recollection, is undertaking to commemorate it with befitting solemnity. Other Encyclicals of Our Predecessor had in a way prepared the path for that outstanding document and proof of pastoral care: namely, those on the family and the Holy Sacrament of Matrimony as the source of human society, on the origin of civil authority and its proper relations with the Church, on the chief duties of Christian citizens, against the tenets of Socialism against false teachings on human liberty, and others of the same nature fully expressing the mind of Leo XIII. Yet the Encyclical, On the Condition of Workers , compared with the rest had this special distinction that at a time when it was most opportune and actually necessary to do so, it laid down for all mankind the surest rules to solve aright that difficult problem of human relations called "the social question.
Kertzer draws on newly released records to find out. February 24, They were a match made in Rome, far from heaven: The leader of the world's most powerful faith and the dictator who introduced the world to fascism. But they were never close, and eventually a rift would grow and threaten their uncomfortable partnership.
A ground-breaking work, based on seven years of research in the Vatican and Fascist archives by US National Book Award-finalist David Kertzer, it will forever change our understanding of the Vatican's role in the rise of Fascism in Europe. One was scholarly and devout, the other a violent bully. Yet they also had traits in common. Both had explosive tempers. Both bristled at the charge of being the patsy of the other. Both demanded unquestioned obedience from their subordinates, whose knees literally quaked in fear of provoking their wrath.
Both came to be disillusioned by the other, yet dreaded what would happen if their alliance were to end. The book unravels for the first time the key role played between pope and dictator by the shadowy Jesuit go-between, dubbed Mussolini's Rasputin. It also reveals the details of the secret agreement worked out by Mussolini with the pope's personal envoy, offering Vatican support for Italy's notorious, anti-Semitic 'racial laws'.
And dramatic new light is shed on the controversial figure of Eugenio Pacelli, who as Pope Pius XII would later come to be idolized by some and reviled by others forhis silence during the Holocaust. In his role as Vatican Secretary of State, Pacelli had to struggle to keep the pope's explosive temper from leading to a break with both Mussolini and Nazi Germany, as the Italian dictator increasingly embraced the German Fuehrer, whom Pius detested.
With the recent opening of the Vatican archives covering Pius XI's papacy, the full story of the two men's relationship can now be told for the first time. It is an account that destroys the widely accepted myth of a heroic Church doing battle with the Fascist regime. On the contrary, as David Kertzer shows, Mussolini would not have been able to impose his dictatorship on Italy without the pope's support. In exchange, the pope expected Mussolini to use his repressive reach to enforce Catholicmorality - and return the Church to a position of power in Italy.
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The Holy See vs. Rychlak appearing in the Oct. An Interview With Prof. Richard Breitman of American University in Washington weighs in on the issue. Ronald J. He is currently putting the finishing touches on a book-length manuscript entitled Hitler, the War, and the Pope.
From National Book Award finalist David I. Kertzer comes the gripping story of Pope Pius XI's secret relations with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.
A ground-breaking work, based on seven years of research in the Vatican and Fascist archives by US National Book Award-finalist David Kertzer, it will forever change our understanding of the Vatican's role in the rise of Fascism in Europe. One was scholarly and devout, the other a violent bully. Yet they also had traits in common. Both had explosive tempers.
Roy Domenico, D avid I. K ertzer. David I. Kertzer has already established himself as a top-ranking scholar on the modern papacy. Kertzer bases his investigation on archives in the United States, France, and Italy, although he makes particular use of the papers covering the pontificate of Achille Ratti, Pius XI. Kertzer joins the handful of other scholars, mostly Italian, such as Alberto Guasco, Emma Fattorini, and Lucia Ceci, who have mined this very rich vein along with other valuable sources, particularly Jesuit archives. Most users should sign in with their email address.
About Map Blog Contact. Many dictatorships are short-lived, but a few manage to stay in power for decades. The pope and mussolini the secret history of pius xi and the rise of fascism in europe when pope john paul ii first announced the opening of pius xis archives what made you think there might be an untold story buried inside the vaticans alliance with mussolini has long been controversial historians and journalists formed two camps. Benito Mussolini by Miles Mathis First published September 14, As usual, this is just my opinion, arrived at from internet research anyone can do. The Pope and Mussolini tells the story of two men who came to power in , and together changed the course of twentieth-century history.
What role did Pius XI play during the Fascist era?
Kertzer Kevin P.Laurebona 02.06.2021 at 02:10
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