File Name: back to the future gm and the electric vehicle .zip
The decision to mass-produce an electric car came after GM received a favorable reception for its Impact electric concept car, upon which the design of the EV1 drew heavily. The EV1 was made available through limited lease -only agreements, initially to residents of the cities of Los Angeles , California, and Phoenix and Tucson , Arizona. Within a year of the EV1's release, leasing programs were also launched in San Francisco and Sacramento , California, along with a limited program in the state of Georgia.
While popular science fiction has set high the expectations of what the future of transportation will look like, BloombergNEF BNEF has painted a picture of how the auto industry will evolve in its latest Long-term Electric Vehicle Outlook report. In terms of gross vehicles usage, BNEF predicts that million passenger EVs will be on the road globally by , compared to a total passenger vehicle fleet of 1.
Unfortunately, there will still be more miles driven globally by internal combustion passenger vehicles than EVs. The ramp in EV adoption will be initially led by reaching price parity with internal combustion engine vehicles. This will begin when large vehicles hit this point in Europe, which is expected to happen in and will end with small cars making the achievement in India and Japan around As for the United States, the country will be slower to reach the levels of adoption that are expected to come to Europe and China, due to limited projections of charging infrastructure availability.
The U. On a similar adoption rate projection to the United States comes South Korea. Like Europe and China, the South Korean adoption timeline is predicated upon strong government policy support, yet the country will also get a push from its domestic auto and battery manufacturers.
The report also outlines that there will be EV models available from global auto manufacturers by Despite this prediction, Japan, home to a bevy of international vehicle manufacturers that already include a number of EVs, is predicted not to take off until The report states that this is when Japanese automakers launch more EV options, although the country home to Honda, Toyota, Mazda and Subaru still lags behind in EV adoption.
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Plug in Hybrid cars would be great for appartment dwellers that can not charge at home but could charge at work or charging stations a Target or WalMart and for cross country trips where charging stations are few and far apart. I can see a two car home having one plug in hybrid large touring car and one smaller all electric EV for commuting with both being able to be pluged in to a solar powered home with battery back up systems.
The E-assist models were not a plug in and only increased the milage by 4 miles per gallon with a 4 cyclender gutless engine and a small motor attatched that would add power, when fully charged, going to 4 lead acid batteries. About the same as the smaller engine would get anyway. I test drove the Buick la Cross and tryed to merge on the freeway with the e-assist but because the batteries were low from not being charged on the short test drives, it did not assist at all.
I believe that people are going to make the switch much faster than generally predicted. If people generally buy a new car every 7 years, why would anyone buy anything else than an electric car. They are already much cheaper now than an average car. Extremely little maintenance costs etc. I drive a Volt. Because the average peron only drives 85 kilometers a day anyway. People don;t ask where they will get their gas in the future as gas stations start to close down as more and more people buy an electric car.
This is rarely discussed and yet it is a reasonable assumption. Who in their right mind would build a gas station today or even repair or upgrade one knowing that it has little future.
Most ICE vehicles on the road today, can achieve , miles before being replaced, so the new ICE vehicles being built today, will be on the road for another years. I hope the domestic car companies keep building some type of ICE vehicle, as their quality has made the driving of these vehicles a sheer enjoyment to their customers.
Looking forward to future ICE vehicles from these manufactures, and if they decide not to make them, I will purchase a manufacturer that provides them. Bloomberg has their dates completely wrong, as they have historically over the last 8 years. State of Washington will no longer register ICE cars after , many states soon to follow. Used car prices on ICE cars is crashing now so rapidly that the leasing companies have to revise residual values, making leasing ICE cars for the future consumer much higher.
GM, Ford and others will go belly up if they lose China and India market. Unless appartment garages or carports come with a locked EV charger billed to the tenants electrical bill they will not be able to charge there cars at night.
Replacing gasoline with electricity will take just as much energy but where will that energy come from? Go to third world countries or rural areas that do not have reliable electrical power will take a lot longer. Just as all new Residential homes in California must now come with Solar panels, Requirements for EV outlets could be as simple as adding it to the National Electrical Code just as volt 30 amp dryer recepticals are required for laundry for all new construction since Just remember how powerfull the fossil fuel industry is and how politicians in Washington DC today do not want to spend the money replacing that industry.
Solutions range from plug-in hybrids to fully electric vehicles with lithium ion batteries or other materials Although the first automobiles were electric, the last century was the century of the internal combustion engine. Today transport is equal to oil. The first and the second oil crisis meant the displacement of oil in the generation of electricity. The third must involve its displacement from road transport, a process that, like the precedent of electricity generation, will take several decades, and there will be a long period of coexistence.
A sustainable transport policy should promote the reduction of demand, non-motorized transport and public and rail transport, both for passengers and goods and car sharing, as well as improving the efficiency of vehicles.
But as there are already some million vehicles and the aspiration to individual motorized mobility is deeply ingrained, despite its many externalities and costs of all kinds, and each year there will be more due to the development of China and India, among other countries. In there will be more than 1, million and by , if foreseeable trends continue, 3, million vehicles will circulate , it is necessary to provide a viable and complementary solution to those mentioned, and that is the electric car connected to the network, provided that most of the electricity comes from renewable energies, and especially wind power, for cost and resource reasons, and even in the future also from fossil fuels, when CO2 capture and storage technologies are developed.
It goes without saying that such capture and storage technologies can only be implemented in large thermoelectric plants, and they are not viable and will not be viable in the millions of vehicles. Only the electrification of road transport will make it possible to take advantage of the decarbonisation of electricity generation.
The other alternatives, given the foreseeable and enormous growth of the vehicle fleet in the coming decades, after overcoming the current crisis, lead to a dead. Then you just go into a normal charge station and, like the petrol you take on board, you are on your way again. No smells, no dirt, no pollution and above all no more particulates to harm our children.
Must be worth it, no? I personally welcome to EVs because they are eco-friendly. Being made without an exhaust system and have zero emissions, EVs will help to reduce air pollution and greenhouse effects. If I ride an electric car, it will cost much lower than the engine car. But the main pain points to me for EV is its range. A full tank fuel car can go up to miles while EVs are a range of 60 to miles. The price of EV should be less expensive, otherwise, it will be beyond our afford.
You apparently have not done your research on ICE cars and EVs from the manufacturing process to end of life. The EV leave as much of a carbon footprint and sometimes even bigger.
You have to mine tons of brine rich ore to yield 1 ton of usable lithium. This is about people getting rich off of the minerals. My answer is that each car should have multiple sources of energy like solar on the hood, doors, and roof, gasoline, electricity, and perhaps liquid gas, all of this will work and give us alternatives when one of these options are scarce or expensive on most cars and large vehicles.
Donald : You are correct, if we do not put our own solar panels on businesses and homes. The battery in the model 3 is equivilant to 2 power walls with spare capacity to get you another 50 miles of driving if needed. No power cord, smart apps for paying fees for the energy and lots of solar available durring the day for inductive charging would be one answer to balance the loads and not overwelm the power grid.
This topic shows one of the problems with government. They believe they must legislate fuel efficiency ie C. Business is dog eat dog. If people want cheaper operating cost, that will be the cue for business. Everyone including government thought they were so smart in seeing an energy crisis and forcing business to squeeze every MPG out of a vehicle that would always run on hydrocarbons.
Lo and behold! We can run our vehicles off electricity efficiently and disrupt the whole industry just as blacksmiths were disrupted after the automobile was invented. Mostly due to plenty of clean and cheap el. The piston engines are dying in Germany.
Britain bans fossil cars in 9 years. Enormeus mines are needed to extract and wash out just some tons of the rare metal needed to produce all these batteries. Which countries want these mines? Not Norway for sure. We just want to import cars. The huge environmental problems can be exported. Next the power. If just EU had a similar percentage of el. Where will all this energy to charge the cars come from?? No one are able to give the answer at the moment. We need charging stations.
There should be an overhaul of the highways for EVs. With rising sea levels, there is no lack of sea water and the process to separate the components of water is DC electricity. At 2 cents per kWh being the going cost for solar, making hydrogen could be even cheaper than making batteries and replacing them every 7 to 10 years. Filling a car with hydrogen is like filling a vehicle with LP gas. I believe EVs are just bubble. This battery technology is not sustainable.
The reason of doubt on Evs success are many. Range 2. Charging time 3. Space for charging station. Power tarrif. The cost of EVs.
While popular science fiction has set high the expectations of what the future of transportation will look like, BloombergNEF BNEF has painted a picture of how the auto industry will evolve in its latest Long-term Electric Vehicle Outlook report. In terms of gross vehicles usage, BNEF predicts that million passenger EVs will be on the road globally by , compared to a total passenger vehicle fleet of 1. Unfortunately, there will still be more miles driven globally by internal combustion passenger vehicles than EVs. The ramp in EV adoption will be initially led by reaching price parity with internal combustion engine vehicles. This will begin when large vehicles hit this point in Europe, which is expected to happen in and will end with small cars making the achievement in India and Japan around As for the United States, the country will be slower to reach the levels of adoption that are expected to come to Europe and China, due to limited projections of charging infrastructure availability.
The propulsion system and supporting technologies position Cadillac to be a leader in electrification, connectivity and automated driving, all delivered with thrilling performance and a new threshold in technology integration. Performance and technology highlights include:. It is not only an exceptional EV, but first and foremost a Cadillac. With a dedicated EV architecture, its design eliminates significant physical constraints associated with adapting electric propulsion within a conventional vehicle architecture, for an optimized design that supports greater driving range, an engaging driving experience and a new interpretation of passenger space. Within the LYRIQ, the Ultium battery system is a structural element of the architecture, integrated in ways that contribute to ride and handling, as well as safety. Additionally, the LYRIQ is driven primarily by the rear wheels, with a performance all-wheel drive option available. It also enables the system to channel more torque to the pavement without wheelspin for exhilarating acceleration and greater cornering capability.
It's important to recognize that electric cars are regularly changing and their technology is still evolving when considering electric cars' pros and cons. More and more car companies are offering electric cars. Electric cars are those that use a rechargeable battery-powered engine in place of a typical gas engine. According to environmentally conscious websites like Earth and Energy Sage , there are several notable advantages of owning an electric car including:. Many car buyers are convinced to switch to an electric car because they are better for the environment. Because fully electric vehicles not hybrids don't use an exhaust system, they have no emissions. Without pumping any fumes into the air like gas engines do, electric cars can help achieve cleaner air and fewer greenhouse gasses.
Looking back at BEVs in , they accounted for. 74 per cent of global EV sales: an increase of six percentage points since This rise was partly.
General Motors is releasing Electrifying Engineering, a free educational video series designed to foster ingenuity through hands-on activities, while educating kids about electric vehicle technology. GM is committed to fuel cells as a complement to battery-electric propulsion. These fuel cells will be manufactured in Brownstown, Michigan as previously announced.
Introduced more than years ago, electric cars are seeing a rise in popularity today for many of the same reasons they were first popular. Currently more than 3 percent of new vehicle sales, electric vehicles sales could to grow to nearly 7 percent -- or 6. Travel back in time with us as we explore the history of the electric car. Instead it was a series of breakthroughs -- from the battery to the electric motor -- in the s that led to the first electric vehicle on the road. In the early part of the century, innovators in Hungary, the Netherlands and the United States -- including a blacksmith from Vermont -- began toying with the concept of a battery-powered vehicle and created some of the first small-scale electric cars.
На улице еще темно, - засмеялся .
Сьюзан посмотрела на. Сидя рядом с великим Тревором Стратмором, она невольно почувствовала, что страхи ее покинули. Переделать Цифровую крепость - это шанс войти в историю, принеся громадную пользу стране, и Стратмору без ее помощи не обойтись. Хоть и не очень охотно, она все же улыбнулась: - Что будем делать. Стратмор просиял и, протянув руку, коснулся ее плеча.
- Стратмор шумно вздохнул. - Увы, в мире полно наивных людей, которые не могут представить себе ужасы, которые нас ждут, если мы будем сидеть сложа руки. Я искренне верю, что только мы можем спасти этих людей от их собственного невежества. Сьюзан не совсем понимала, к чему он клонит.
- Вы ждете рекомендаций. Что ж, пожалуйста. Хватит путаться у нас под ногами, вот моя рекомендация. - Спокойно, Джабба, - предупредил директор. - Директор, - сказал Джабба, - Энсей Танкадо владеет нашим банком данных. Дайте ему то, чего он требует.
Клушар задумался, польщенный оказанным вниманием. - Если честно… - Он вытянул шею и подвигал головой влево и вправо. - Мне не помешала бы еще одна подушка, если вас это не затруднит.
Он не знал, каким образом она поняла, что ему нужно кольцо, но был слишком уставшим, чтобы терзаться этим вопросом. Его тело расслабилось, он представил себе, как вручает кольцо сияющему заместителю директора АНБ. А потом они со Сьюзан будут лежать в кровати с балдахином в Стоун-Мэнор и наверстывать упущенное время.
Кто знает, что произойдет, прежде чем он решит освободить Сьюзан… если он ее вообще освободит. Я обязан позвонить в службу безопасности, - решил. - Что еще мне остается? - Он представил Хейла на скамье подсудимых, вываливающего все, что ему известно о Цифровой крепости.
- Они не преступницы - глупо было бы искать их, как обычных жуликов.
Приемный покой представлял собой бесконечный узкий коридор с выстроившимися в ряд во всю его длину складными стульями. Установленная на треноге картонная табличка с надписью OFICINA стрелкой указывала направление. Беккер двинулся по едва освещенному коридору. Все здесь напоминало зловещую декорацию к голливудскому фильму ужасов. В воздухе стоял тяжелый запах мочи.
Хорошо. Давайте попробуем. - Он потянулся к клавиатуре. - Мистер Беккер, пожалуйста, продиктуйте надпись. Медленно и отчетливо.
В самом низу она увидела слова: РАССКАЖИТЕ МИРУ О ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ СЕЙЧАС ВАС МОЖЕТ СПАСТИ ТОЛЬКО ПРАВДА Сьюзан похолодела. В АНБ сосредоточена самая секретная государственная информация: протоколы военной связи, разведданные, списки разведчиков в зарубежных странах, чертежи передовой военной техники, документация в цифровом формате, торговые соглашения, - и этот список нескончаем. - Танкадо не посмеет этого сделать! - воскликнула .
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GM did not allow any photographs of the vehicles or provide any to the media.Dargalamwhi 29.05.2021 at 05:20
Back to the future: electric vehicles and oil demand Download speech pdf / KB And in which electric cars outsell gasoline cars ten to one. For vehicles like the Chevrolet Volt, 75% of vehicle miles were powered by the electric.Jeny H. 30.05.2021 at 03:58
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(HEV), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) of EVs; energy management; control algorithms; global EV sales; trends and future dominated by Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Volt, and Tesla Model S; whereas the PHEV charging stations were not a common scenario even a few years back.