File Name: sumerians and the anunnaki .zip
The Anunnaki also transcribed as Anunaki , Annunaki , Anunna , Ananaki and other variations are a group of deities who appear in the mythological traditions of the ancient Sumerians , Akkadians , Assyrians , and Babylonians. Since the second half of the twentieth century , they have been the subject of pseudoarchaeology and conspiracy theories. The name Anunnaki is derived from An ,  the Sumerian god of the sky. The Anunnaki were believed to be the offspring of An and his consort, the earth goddess Ki. The Anunnaki are chiefly mentioned in literary texts  and very little evidence to support the existence of any cult of them has yet been unearthed.
By Heather Lynn. These gods, known as the Anunnaki, are often neglected by mainstream historians. This has led many to wonder, about the true story behind the Sumerians and their otherworldly gods, the Anunnaki. Lynn traces the evolution of these Mesopotamian gods throughout the Ancient Near East, analyzing the religion, myth, art, and symbolism of the Sumerians, investigating:. For the past two hundred years, ancient Egypt has captured our imaginations. Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria—an expedition that led to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone—set in motion a phenomenon known as Egyptomania.
This widespread fascination with ancient Egypt swelled with Howard Carter's discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb in And Egyptomania is still recognizable in postmodern culture in everything from entertainment to architecture.
In this new millennium, a different and more ancient civilization known as the Sumerians has also captured the imaginations of people all over the world, launching us into another mania: Sumer-mania. Information about the Sumerians, particularly their pantheon of gods known as the Anunnaki, is everywhere, thanks to the internet.
At the time of the writing of this book, one search of Sumerian on YouTube resulted in over , hits, with the term Anunnaki offering over , results. It is a burgeoning fascination in almost all media.
What was once a subculture is becoming increasingly mainstream—and for good reason. The Sumerians were truly exceptional in ways that you will discover throughout this book.
They were so exceptional that even academia has been haunted by unresolved questions about who the Sumerians really were and where in the world they came from. Scholars believe that all groups of known people in Mesopotamia spoke Semitic languages, but the Sumerians did not. This leads us to The Sumerian Problem. First proposed by Professor Jonathan Ziskind in , the Sumerian Problem addresses how the Sumerian language could be unique among the peoples of the ancient Near East: they must have migrated from somewhere far away Ziskind, , But the Sumerian language is not the only thing that sets this ancient civilization apart from all others.
Their knowledge of the cosmos was mind-blowing in its accuracy, so much so that it would later influence advancing civilizations like the Egyptians, Greeks, and even our own modern culture.
It is easy to understand why the Sumerians are so fascinating! However, the growing obsession with the Sumerians and Anunnaki provides more questions than answers. While self-proclaimed experts have proposed intriguing alternative theories about the Anunnaki, many of these theorists do one of a handful of things that undermine their arguments. First, they support, without question, the work of Zecharia Sitchin, an economist and amateur Assyriologist who gave a unique interpretation of the Sumerian myths that promoted paleocontact theory, or as some in the mainstream entertainment industry now call it ancient astronaut theory.
There are also conventional academics studying the Sumerians and Anunnaki, most of whom are employed in tenured positions at universities and do not entertain alternative ideas. The absolute debunking put forward by those few researchers does little to connect the dots for the growing number of people demanding to know the true history of the Anunnaki.
This sort of close-minded view only serves to further divide the issue. It also makes it appear that they are hiding something deep within the Ivory Tower. The only thing gained by this type of secrecy is increasingly extraordinary speculation. In her infinite wisdom, my little old Appalachian grandmother always used to say that those who have nothing to hide, hide nothing. So what could they be hiding then? This growing division and secrecy have created a chasm that opportunistic people now seek to fill with absolute fantasy in order to sell countless books, DVDs, guided tours, and more.
Popular beliefs range from the mundane to the fantastic: evidence of giants, extraterrestrials, ancient technology, and so on. What is the truth? Humanity has a right to know. We are now living in an era when few people are genuinely trying to solve ancient mysteries. Those intellectual pioneers who risked it all to bring us new ways of questioning ancient texts, lost civilizations, and the truth about human origins have all but vanished.
There are a few who still fight for what they believe, but there is no denying the very short window of time they have left. For those still following their work, it has become an all-too-common occurrence to wake up on a given morning to learn of the passing of another great researcher.
Where does that leave those of us who still wonder about these great mysteries? Turn on cable television on any given day and you will find marathons of programming that embellish the work of these researchers, some going so far as presenting it in an almost comical way.
Has the study of this great civilization really come down to cable TV asking us to believe that the Sumerians rode dinosaurs and made contact with Wild West cowboys?
That was a real program. What has happened? With the mainstream media mocking this great mystery and the old-guard academics ignoring it, where does one turn? To the internet, of course. While the internet has indeed helped researchers connect with each other and make their findings available to the public, it has also had the unfortunate consequence of creating a climate of disinformation and false news, as well as a platform for snake oil salesmen.
So for the seekers looking for the truth about the Anunnaki, how do we connect the dots to create the most accurate picture? Access to evidence regarding the Anunnaki and their connection to human origins is still restricted by an elite control mechanism that author Michael Cremo has called The Knowledge Filter Cremo and Thompson, The Knowledge Filter is very real and something I have personally witnessed in action during my time as both an undergraduate student and doctoral candidate.
However, based on this personal experience, I build on Cremo's concept and even take it a little further. I think that this Knowledge Filter is a compartmentalized arm of a larger control mechanism I refer to as the academic industrial complex.
As a result of this behemoth of secrecy, there is evidence that cannot yet be examined until it is disclosed or somehow released to the public. Thus, I cannot claim that this book will definitively satisfy all the questions you have about the Anunnaki.
I can only hope to provide more dots—or historical data points, as we historians call them—because the more dots we have, the clearer the picture becomes. As a historian, I have been educated and trained in a conventional way. However, I take an unconventional approach when studying the mysteries of the ancients. While working as an archaeologist, I discovered that much of what we know about our history is based on the consensus of elite and often politically motivated individuals and institutions.
After this revelation, I embarked on a spiritual journey, leading me to break away from the mainstream to go in search of the truth behind human origins. I have discovered a world of deceit. In the cavernous lower levels of museums around the world, thousands of artifacts are hidden from public view because they are considered too threatening to the established historical narrative. Meanwhile, secret archaeological excavations are routinely funded by shadowy organizations and multinational corporations who launder money through universities.
On my quest, I have infiltrated secret organizations, deciphered ancient texts, and investigated myriad declassified government documents. In this book, we will investigate the Anunnaki connection to uncover the truth behind the Anunnaki, including:. How accurate are the current Sumerian text translations, and how do we know for sure whom to believe? Given the vast amount of information out there on the Anunnaki, this quest may seem like an ambitious endeavor.
Perhaps it is, but I believe it is the duty of both the historian and archaeologist to find the truth and clarify the past through the expulsion of permissible systemic lies. Tylor, the father of cultural anthropology, once said, every possible avenue of knowledge must be explored, every door tried to see if it will open.
This is exactly why I will present to you the absolute facts as we know them today, as well as the theories of both the fringe and the mainstream so that you will be able to make up your own mind. Two hundred million years ago, Earth's two ancient super-continents, Laurasia in the north and Gondwana in the south, began moving closer to one another.
As they continued moving, their eventual collision caused them to split into many coastal masses, resulting in the creation of what we now know as the Near East. This same process forced land upward, forming the Zagros mountain range. Sea-level changes continued over hundreds of thousands of years. Then, something significant happened at the end of the last Ice Age. Massive ice fields that covered the polar regions melted, causing the sea level to rise at what we now know was an astonishing rate.
In a study published in the journal Global and Planetary Change , researchers found that the sea level rose by an average of about three feet per century at the end of the last Ice Age, with intermittent periods of increase to eight feet per century Stanford et al. This process lasted until about 6, years ago, until the Ubaid period ca. At that time, the Persian Gulf's water level was much higher than it is today.
In addition to the change in landscape, the climate became warm and wet, contributing to the growth of dense forests east of this region in the Zagros Mountains in present-day Iran. These deciduous and coniferous trees included pine, juniper, oak, and cedar, which is also referenced in the world's oldest known literary work, The Epic of Gilgamesh.
The Near East became a land rich in fertile plains and eventually home to various land-based animals like gazelle, sheep, goats, and cattle.
This inevitably attracted stone-age humans to the region, as it was a land of opportunity and growth. The area referred to by scholars as the Fertile Crescent was home to many prehistoric people. This general area known as Mesopotamia is the region between and around two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates, which have their source at the borders of present-day Syria and Turkey, cross the current Iraq in the northwest and southeast, and throw themselves into the Persian Gulf.
It is near these two rivers, in the fertile valleys, where the very early main city-states of the region developed: Kish, Lagash, Ur, Uruk, then Akkad, and later Babylon. Before the rise of Sumerian civilization, no known permanent and organized settlements are found in the archaeological record. Both stunningly complex and primitive societies were formed by hunter-gatherers. Stonehenge, as well, appears to have been a massive ritualistic meeting place of significant spiritual importance.
So while there were arguably advanced cultures of hunter-gatherers in the region much farther back than the Sumerians, they were all missing the key attributes of what scholars define as civilization. Archaeologists and historians have a technical set of features that together constitute a definition of civilization.
Most of these features were catalogued by archaeologist V. Gordon Childe — , who taught at Edinburgh. According to Childe, for a group of humans to be considered a civilization, rather than, say, a tribe or band, they must have Trigger, :. Some organized bands of humans shared some of these features. The Ubaid culture, for instance, had painted pottery, terra-cotta tools, and the beginnings of a distinctive temple architecture.
Nevertheless, they did not possess all the necessary features such as having a large urban center or monumental art. The Ubaidians are believed to be the first culture to act as a civilizing force in the region because they developed agricultural techniques, trade, and certain industries. But as advanced as the Ubaidians were, they pale in comparison to the Sumerians.
The discovery of the Sumerians rattled preexisting beliefs about the rise of human civilization.
What comes to mind when you think of ancient civilizations? You might think of the Romans. Maybe Maya pops into your head. Perhaps you think of the Aboriginal people of Australia. Situated in Mesopotamia, ancient Sumer was a collection of city-states.
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By Heather Lynn. These gods, known as the Anunnaki, are often neglected by mainstream historians. This has led many to wonder, about the true story behind the Sumerians and their otherworldly gods, the Anunnaki. Lynn traces the evolution of these Mesopotamian gods throughout the Ancient Near East, analyzing the religion, myth, art, and symbolism of the Sumerians, investigating:. For the past two hundred years, ancient Egypt has captured our imaginations. Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria—an expedition that led to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone—set in motion a phenomenon known as Egyptomania. This widespread fascination with ancient Egypt swelled with Howard Carter's discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb in
The Anunnaki Later on, it is sometimes used to describe the underworld gods as opposed to the gods of heaven, the Igigi. Updated 5 February Anunnaki - any of a group of powerful Babylonian earth spirits or genii; servitors of the gods Enuki Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia. Anunnaki return.
Ну, на самом деле. Все было совсем не. - Да вы не стесняйтесь, сеньор.
Все еще темно? - спросила Мидж. Но Бринкерхофф не ответил, лишившись дара речи. То, что он увидел, невозможно было себе представить. Стеклянный купол словно наполнился то и дело вспыхивающими огнями и бурлящими клубами пара. Бринкерхофф стоял точно завороженный и, не в силах унять дрожь, стукался лбом о стекло. Затем, охваченный паникой, помчался к двери.
Она в конце концов перестала протестовать, но это продолжало ее беспокоить. Я зарабатываю гораздо больше, чем в состоянии потратить, - думала она, - поэтому будет вполне естественным, если я буду платить. Но если не считать его изрядно устаревших представлений о рыцарстве, Дэвид, по мнению Сьюзан, вполне соответствовал образцу идеального мужчины. Внимательный и заботливый, умный, с прекрасным чувством юмора и, самое главное, искренне интересующийся тем, что она делает. Чем бы они ни занимались - посещали Смитсоновский институт, совершали велосипедную прогулку или готовили спагетти у нее на кухне, - Дэвид всегда вникал во все детали. Сьюзан отвечала на те вопросы, на которые могла ответить, и постепенно у Дэвида сложилось общее представление об Агентстве национальной безопасности - за исключением, разумеется, секретных сторон деятельности этого учреждения.
Однако тот не подавал никаких признаков жизни. Сьюзан перевела взгляд на помост перед кабинетом Стратмора и ведущую к нему лестницу. - Коммандер. Молчание. Тогда она осторожно двинулась в направлении Третьего узла.
С какой стати он должен на него смотреть? - спросил. Сьюзан взглянула ему в. - Вы хотите отправить его домой. - Нет. Пусть остается.
Это были ее первые слова за очень долгое время. Сьюзан подняла голову. Глаза ее были затуманены. - Танкадо успел отдать его за мгновение до смерти. Все были в растерянности.
ГЛАВА 70 Дэвид Беккер почувствовал, что у него подкашиваются ноги. Он смотрел на девушку, понимая, что его поиски подошли к концу. Она вымыла голову и переоделась - быть может, считая, что так легче будет продать кольцо, - но в Нью-Йорк не улетела.
Шифровалка превратилась в наглухо закрытую гробницу. Но это теперь не имело никакого значения, мысль о смерти ее не пугала. Смерть остановит боль.
Сьюзан услышала стук беретты, выпавшей из руки Стратмора. На мгновение она словно приросла к месту, не зная, куда бежать и что делать. Интуиция подсказывала ей спасаться бегством, но у нее не было пароля от двери лифта.
Но ведь для обычных пользователей они все не поддаются взлому. - Верно… - Стратмор задумался. - На какое-то время. - Что это .
Ноги и плечо ныли от боли. Беккер с трудом поднялся на ноги, выпрямился и заглянул в темное нутро салона. Среди неясных силуэтов впереди он увидел три торчащие косички.
Он еще не знает, что такое настоящая боль, подумал человек в такси.
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