File Name: the past and future history of the internet .zip
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Regardless of whether you grew up with computers or were introduced to them in adulthood, it is difficult now to imagine a world in which the internet does not exist. We rely on the internet to manage our money, search for jobs, represent ourselves professionally, and keep in contact with loved ones across the country or even across the world. We use the internet to research, to learn, and to enable ourselves to complete projects we would not know how to do without looking up instructions. Businesses use the internet to collaborate across offices and even across the hall. Financial transactions are handled in seconds. Communication is instantaneous.
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The Internet started in the s as a way for government researchers to share information. Computers in the '60s were large and immobile and in order to make use of information stored in any one computer, one had to either travel to the site of the computer or have magnetic computer tapes sent through the conventional postal system. Another catalyst in the formation of the Internet was the heating up of the Cold War. The Soviet Union's launch of the Sputnik satellite spurred the U. Defense Department to consider ways information could still be disseminated even after a nuclear attack. In response to this, other networks were created to provide information sharing.
Internet , a system architecture that has revolutionized communications and methods of commerce by allowing various computer networks around the world to interconnect. By , approximately 4. The Internet is a vast network that connects computers all over the world. Through the Internet, people can share information and communicate from anywhere with an Internet connection. The Internet consists of technologies developed by different individuals and organizations. Important figures include Robert W. The Internet works through a series of networks that connect devices around the world through telephone lines.
You are reading in A short history of the internet. The origins of the internet are rooted in the USA of the s. Both superpowers were in possession of deadly nuclear weapons, and people lived in fear of long-range surprise attacks. The US realised it needed a communications system that could not be affected by a Soviet nuclear attack. At this time, computers were large, expensive machines exclusively used by military scientists and university staff.
Executive summary. Quantitative projections are provided on the growth of Internet users, devices and connections as well as network performance and new application requirements. Qualitative analyses and assessments are also provided in four strategic areas: applications, security, infrastructure transformation, and empowering employees and teams. Global Internet adoption and devices and connection. Nearly two-thirds of the global population will have Internet access by
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2For a more detailed version of this article, see hazarsiiraksamlari.orghistory. Page 2. COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM February /Vol. 40, No. 2.