File Name: the performance of hedge funds risk return and incentives .zip
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. There is no legal or regulatory of what constitutes a hedge fund, though the generally accepted definition is that they are unregulated pools that invest in any asset class as well as derivative securities and use long and short positions, as well as leverage where the manager is compensated with a proportion of the returns. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper.
A hedge fund is a pooled investment fund that trades in relatively liquid assets and is able to make extensive use of more complex trading , portfolio -construction and risk management techniques in an attempt to improve performance, such as short selling , leverage , and derivatives. Hedge funds are regarded as alternative investments. Their ability to make more extensive use of leverage and more complex investment techniques distinguishes them from regulated investment funds available to the retail market, such as mutual funds and ETFs. They are also considered distinct from private-equity funds and other similar closed-end funds , as hedge funds generally invest in relatively liquid assets and are generally open-ended , meaning that they allow investors to invest and withdraw capital periodically based on the fund's net asset value , whereas private-equity funds generally invest in illiquid assets and only return capital after a number of years. Although hedge funds are not subject to many restrictions that apply to regulated funds, regulations were passed in the United States and Europe following the financial crisis of — with the intention of increasing government oversight of hedge funds and eliminating certain regulatory gaps. Although most modern hedge funds are able to employ a wide variety of financial instruments and risk management techniques,  they can be very different from each other with respect to their strategies, risks, volatility and expected return profile. It is common for hedge fund investment strategies to aim to achieve a positive return on investment regardless of whether markets are rising or falling " absolute return ".
Using a large sample of hedge fund data from —, we find that hedge funds consistently outperform mutual funds, but not standard market indices. Hedge funds, however, are more volatile than both mutual funds and market indices. Incentive fees explain some of the higher performance, but not the increased total risk. Bibliographic data for series maintained by Wiley Content Delivery. Is your work missing from RePEc? Here is how to contribute. Questions or problems?
Hedge funds display several interesting characteristics that may influence performance, including: flexible investment strategies, strong.
Show all documents Top PDF Essays on hedge fund risk, return and incentives. Essays on hedge fund risk, return and incentives The explicit terms of the compensation contract are that investors agree to pay the manager a fixed percentage of positive returns while accepting all of the downside, if the contract was this simple then the manager would, as Anson describes, simply possess a call option on the future performance of the fund which would provide the manager with an incentive to increase risk. However, there are also many implicit terms to the contract that are more difficult to model, some of which will mitigate this problem and others that may exacerbate it. For example, investors will expect the hedge fund manger to invest a substantial percentage of their own net worth in the fund and penalise them for poor performance or for excessive risk taking by withdrawing their funds just as a mutual fund client would.
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Hedge funds, however, are more volatile than both mutual funds and market indices. Incentive fees explain some of the higher performance, but not the in- creased.AimГ©e T. 03.06.2021 at 16:19
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This section presents an overview of the hedge fund industry, focusing on its current structure and recent performance.Christine B. 04.06.2021 at 17:12
Front Matter.Isaac D. 04.06.2021 at 17:22
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