File Name: difference between colorimeter and spectrophotometer .zip
Colorimetry is "the science and technology used to quantify and describe physically the human color perception. Colorimetric equipment is similar to that used in spectrophotometry. Some related equipment is also mentioned for completeness.
Color can set a mood, warn us of danger, give us critical information and even bring us joy. The two most advanced color measurement instrument types are colorimeters and spectrophotometers, both of which use sophisticated technologies to accurately and precisely quantify and define color. Understanding the characteristics of a colorimeter vs. In other words, it is designed to see color the way we do. Its results are direct and read as tristimulus values. A tristimulus value may contain values like X, Y and Z or L, a and b.
During your university years you would have heard about spectroscopic devices. The terms are often used synonymously but let us accept that such terminology is confusing to most of us. The objective of this article is to clarify the differences between such spectroscopic devices. Colorimetry, one of the earliest of spectroscopic techniques, was based on comparison between colour produced by an unknown amount of a substance with the same colour produced by a known amount of the same substance. The colour of the test solution in a Nessler tube diluted to a fixed volume is compared with the series of standards of the same component prepared under matching conditions.
The key difference between colorimetry and spectrophotometry is that colorimetry uses fixed wavelengths that only are in the visible range while spectrophotometry can use wavelengths in a wider range. Spectrophotometry and colorimetry are techniques we can use to identify molecules depending on their absorption and emission properties. Moreover, this is an easy technique to determine the concentration of a sample that has a color. Although molecules do not have a color, if we can make a colored compound from it by a chemical reaction, that compound can also be used in these techniques. Furthermore, energy levels are associated with a molecule, and they are discrete.
This is the navigation link for moving toward in this page. Go to main contents. Precise Color Communication As described in , the tristimulus colorimeter has features such as comparatively low price, compact size, superior mobility and simple operation.
In chemistry, they are especially used to measure colour absorption by solutions. The main difference between colorimeter and spectrophotometer is that colorimeter is a device which measures absorbance of specific colours, whereas a spectrometer measures transmittance or reflectance as a function of wavelength. Colorimeter is a device which measures how much of a specific colour of light is absorbed by a solution. A colorimeter comes either with a set of coloured filters or with LED bulbs that emit specific colours of light.
Colorimeters and spectrophotometers are the two types of color measurement instruments that are used to capture, analyze, and communicate color. The difference between a colorimeter and spectrophotometer is often a point of confusion for many color scientists. Is one better than the other? Understanding the factors that distinguish a colorimeter from a spectrophotometer can help you determine which tool best optimizes your color management workflow.
Spectrophotometry is a method to measure how much a chemical substance absorbs light by measuring the intensity of light as a beam of light passes through sample solution. The basic principle is that each compound absorbs or transmits light over a certain range of wavelength. This measurement can also be used to measure the amount of a known chemical substance. Spectrophotometry is one of the most useful methods of quantitative analysis in various fields such as chemistry, physics, biochemistry, material and chemical engineering and clinical applications. Every chemical compound absorbs, transmits, or reflects light electromagnetic radiation over a certain range of wavelength. Spectrophotometry is a measurement of how much a chemical substance absorbs or transmits.
A colorimeter is a light-sensitive instrument used for measuring the transmittance and absorbance of light passing through a liquid sample. The instrument measures the intensity or concentration of the color that develops upon introducing a specific reagent into a solution. There are two types of colorimeters, color densitometers and color photometers. Color densitometers measure the density of primary colors whereas color photometer measures the color reflection and transmission. The sample is illuminated at about degree angle by an internal light source. Light passes through the tristimulus filters to get desired frequency , representing the amount of red, green and blue light reflected from the sample and concentrated using lens.
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