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Determinism And Freedom In Stoic Philosophy Pdf

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Journal of the History of Philosophy Topics in Stoic Philosophy.

Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.pdf

This book is a comprehensive study of the Stoic theory of causal and teleological determinism. It identifies the main problems the Stoics addressed, reconstructs the theory, and explores how they squared their determinism with their conceptions of possibility, action, freedom, and moral responsibility, and how they defended it against objections and criticism by other philosophers. It shows how the Stoics distinguished their causal determinism from ancient theories of logical determinism, fatalism, and necessitarianism, and shows that they developed a compatibilist theory with a rationalist co It shows how the Stoics distinguished their causal determinism from ancient theories of logical determinism, fatalism, and necessitarianism, and shows that they developed a compatibilist theory with a rationalist component. Along the way many other related aspects of Stoic thought are discussed, including their views on the predictability of the future, the role of empirical sciences, character development, and moral freedom.

Ancient Theories of Freedom and Determinism

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From at least Aristotle onwards, ancient philosophers engaged in systematic reflection on human agency. They asked questions about when people are morally responsible for their actions and what must be the case for people to deliberate and act effectively, and in doing so they confronted arguments that tried to establish that humans are not responsible and effective agents. But if we want to understand these philosophers correctly, we should be careful not to assimilate ancient theories of freedom and determinism too quickly to the problem of free will and determinism in contemporary philosophy, which asks whether causal determinism is compatible with the sort of freedom—or alternatively, with the sort of control over our actions—that is necessary for moral responsibility. See the entries on free will and causal determinism. While ancient philosophers did argue about whether causal determinism is compatible with moral responsibility, their concerns ranged more widely.

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Determinism

Access options available:. Journal of the History of Philosophy Topics in Stoic Philosophy.

Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

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The physical and ontological foundations of the Stoic theory of determinism are investigated: the active principle, causation, motion, and qualitative states and how they relate to the Stoic concept of propositions. Stoic teleological determinism grows out of the basic assumptions of Stoic cosmology and is thus firmly anchored in early Stoic physics. In the Stoic theory of universal fate, the teleological and mechanical aspects of Stoic determinism are combined. Stoic determinism is firmly grounded in Stoic cosmology, and some basic concepts from Stoic physics and ontology are indispensable for a full understanding of the specific texts on determinism 1. Stoic determinism was originally not presented as causal determinism either, but with a strong teleological element, and in the context of a theory of natural motions and states 1. However, Chrysippus also employed his conception of causality and causal principles in order to explicate his determinism 1. The various elements of early Stoic determinism are brought together in Chrysippus' conception of fate 1.

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Determinism is the philosophical view that all events are determined completely by previously existing causes. Deterministic theories throughout the history of philosophy have sprung from diverse and sometimes overlapping motives and considerations. The opposite of determinism is some kind of indeterminism otherwise called nondeterminism or randomness.

This book is a comprehensive study of the Stoic theory of causal and teleological determinism. It identifies the main problems the Stoics addressed, reconstructs the theory, and explores how they squared their determinism with their conceptions of possibility, action, freedom, and moral responsibility, and how they defended it against objections and criticism by other philosophers. It shows how the Stoics distinguished their causal determinism from ancient theories of logical determinism, fatalism, and necessitarianism, and shows that they developed a compatibilist theory with a rationalist co

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PDF | On Jan 1, , Michael B. Papazian published Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy | Find, read and cite all the research you.

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Determinism and Moral Responsibility: Chrysippus's Compatibilism 7. Freedom and that which Depends on us: Epictetus and Early Stoics 8. A Later Stoic.

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