File Name: aung san suu kyi biography book .zip
She held multiple governmental posts from , including that of state counselor , which essentially made her the de facto leader of the country. She was sidelined in February when the military seized power.
She played a vital role in Myanmar 's transition from military junta to partial democracy in the s. After graduating from the University of Delhi in and the University of Oxford in , she worked at the United Nations for three years. She married Michael Aris in , with whom she had two children.
She played a vital role in Myanmar 's transition from military junta to partial democracy in the s. After graduating from the University of Delhi in and the University of Oxford in , she worked at the United Nations for three years. She married Michael Aris in , with whom she had two children. Aung San Suu Kyi rose to prominence in the Uprising of 8 August and became the General Secretary of the NLD, which she had newly formed with the help of several retired army officials who criticized the military junta.
She had been detained before the elections and remained under house arrest for almost 15 of the 21 years from to , becoming one of the world's most prominent political prisoners. In , Time Magazine named her one of the "Children of Gandhi " and his spiritual heir to nonviolence. Although she was prohibited from becoming the president due to a clause in the constitution — her late husband and children are foreign citizens — she assumed the newly created role of State Counsellor of Myanmar, a role akin to a prime minister or a head of government.
When she ascended to the office of state counsellor, Aung San Suu Kyi drew criticism from several countries, organisations and figures over Myanmar's inaction in response to the genocide of the Rohingya people in Rakhine State and refusal to acknowledge that Myanmar's military has committed massacres.
Aung San Suu Kyi , like other Burmese names , includes no surname, but is only a personal name, in her case derived from three relatives: " Aung San " from her father, "Suu" from her paternal grandmother, and "Kyi" from her mother Khin Kyi. Daw , literally meaning "aunt", is not part of her name but is an honorific for any older and revered woman, akin to " Madam ".
Aung San founded the modern Burmese army and negotiated Burma's independence from the United Kingdom in ; he was assassinated by his rivals in the same year. Aung San Lin died at the age of eight when he drowned in an ornamental lake on the grounds of the house.
Suu Kyi's mother, Khin Kyi , gained prominence as a political figure in the newly formed Burmese government. Michael Aris. She also worked for the government of the Union of Burma. In , Aung San Suu Kyi returned to Burma, at first to tend for her ailing mother but later to lead the pro-democracy movement.
She was at that time temporarily free from house arrest but was unwilling to depart, fearing that she would be refused re-entry if she left, as she did not trust the military junta 's assurance that she could return. Aris died on his 53rd birthday on 27 March Since , when his wife was first placed under house arrest, he had seen her only five times, the last of which was for Christmas in She was also separated from her children, who live in the United Kingdom , but starting in , they have visited her in Burma.
On 2 May , after Cyclone Nargis hit Burma, Aung San Suu Kyi's dilapidated lakeside bungalow lost its roof and electricity, while the cyclone also left entire villages in the Irrawaddy delta submerged. Mass demonstrations for democracy followed that event on 8 August 8—8—88, a day seen as auspicious , which were violently suppressed in what came to be known as the Uprising.
On 26 August , she addressed half a million people at a mass rally in front of the Shwedagon Pagoda in the capital, calling for a democratic government. Influenced  by both Mahatma Gandhi 's philosophy of non-violence   and more specifically by Buddhist concepts,  Aung San Suu Kyi entered politics to work for democratization , helped found the National League for Democracy on 27 September ,  but was put under house arrest on 20 July She was offered freedom if she left the country, but she refused.
Despite her philosophy of non-violence, a group of ex-military commanders and senior politicians who joined NLD during the crisis believed that she was too confrontational and left NLD. However, she retained enormous popularity and support among NLD youths with whom she spent most of her time. During her time under house arrest, Aung San Suu Kyi devoted herself to Buddhist meditation practices and to studying Buddhist thought.
This deeper interest in Buddhism is reflected in her writings as more emphasis is put on love and compassion. During the crisis, the previous democratically elected Prime Minister of Burma, U Nu , initiated to form an interim government and invited opposition leaders to join him.
Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had signaled his readiness to recognize the interim government. However, Aung San Suu Kyi categorically rejected U Nu's plan by saying "the future of the opposition would be decided by masses of the people".
Ex-Brigadier General Aung Gyi , another influential politician at the time of the crisis and the first chairman in the history of the NLD, followed the suit and rejected the plan after Aung San Suu Kyi's refusal. Some [ who? The decision of the Nobel Committee mentions: . Suu Kyi's struggle is one of the most extraordinary examples of civil courage in Asia in recent decades.
She has become an important symbol in the struggle against oppression In awarding the Nobel Peace Prize for to Aung San Suu Kyi, the Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to honour this woman for her unflagging efforts and to show its support for the many people throughout the world who are striving to attain democracy, human rights, and ethnic conciliation by peaceful means. About men swooped down on the motorcade, wielding metal chains, metal batons, stones and other weapons.
The car that Aung San Suu Kyi was in had its rear window smashed, and the car with Tin Oo and Kyi Maung had its rear window and two backdoor windows shattered.
The NLD lodged an official complaint with the police, and according to reports the government launched an investigation, but no action was taken. Amnesty International . Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest for a total of 15 years over a year period, on numerous occasions, since she began her political career,  during which time she was prevented from meeting her party supporters and international visitors.
In an interview, she said that while under house arrest she spent her time reading philosophy, politics and biographies that her husband had sent her.
Although under house arrest, Aung San Suu Kyi was granted permission to leave Burma under the condition that she never return, which she refused: "As a mother, the greater sacrifice was giving up my sons, but I was always aware of the fact that others had given up more than me.
I never forget that my colleagues who are in prison suffer not only physically, but mentally for their families who have no security outside- in the larger prison of Burma under authoritarian rule. The media were also prevented from visiting Aung San Suu Kyi, as occurred in when journalist Maurizio Giuliano , after photographing her, was stopped by customs officials who then confiscated all his films, tapes and some notes.
The Burmese government detained and kept Aung San Suu Kyi imprisoned because it viewed her as someone "likely to undermine the community peace and stability" of the country, and used both Article 10 a and 10 b of the State Protection Act granting the government the power to imprison people for up to five years without a trial ,  and Section 22 of the "Law to Safeguard the State Against the Dangers of Those Desiring to Cause Subversive Acts" as legal tools against her.
Aung San Suu Kyi proclaimed "a new dawn for the country". However, on 30 May in an incident similar to the attack on her, a government-sponsored mob attacked her caravan in the northern village of Depayin , murdering and wounding many of her supporters. The government imprisoned her at Insein Prison in Rangoon. After she underwent a hysterectomy in September ,  the government again placed her under house arrest in Rangoon.
Ismail resigned from his post the following year, partly because he was denied re-entry to Burma on several occasions. This was Aung San Suu Kyi's first appearance in state media in the four years since her current detention began.
The United Nations Working Group for Arbitrary Detention published an Opinion that Aung San Suu Kyi's deprivation of liberty was arbitrary and in contravention of Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights , and requested that the authorities in Burma set her free, but the authorities ignored the request at that time.
The accusation followed the defeat of a US-sponsored United Nations Security Council resolution condemning Burma as a threat to international security; the resolution was defeated because of strong opposition from China, which has strong ties with the military junta China later voted against the resolution, along with Russia and South Africa. In November , it was reported that Aung San Suu Kyi would meet her political allies National League for Democracy along with a government minister.
The ruling junta made the official announcement on state TV and radio just hours after UN special envoy Ibrahim Gambari ended his second visit to Burma. However, on departing from Burma, Ban Ki-moon said he was "disappointed" with the visit after junta leader Than Shwe refused permission for him to visit Aung San Suu Kyi, citing her ongoing trial. Ban said he was "deeply disappointed that they have missed a very important opportunity".
Protests led by Buddhist monks began on 19 August following steep fuel price increases, and continued each day, despite the threat of a crackdown by the military. On 22 September , although still under house arrest , Aung San Suu Kyi made a brief public appearance at the gate of her residence in Yangon to accept the blessings of Buddhist monks who were marching in support of human rights.
On 3 May , an American man, identified as John Yettaw, swam across Inya Lake to her house uninvited and was arrested when he made his return trip three days later. Aung San Suu Kyi was later taken to Insein Prison , where she could have faced up to five years confinement for the intrusion.
The defence was allowed to call only one witness out of four , while the prosecution was permitted to call 14 witnesses. On 11 August , the trial concluded with Suu Kyi being sentenced to imprisonment for three years with hard labour. This sentence was commuted by the military rulers to further house arrest of 18 months.
Than Shwe and later with Suu Kyi. During the visit, Webb negotiated Yettaw's release and deportation from Burma. However, her appeal against the August sentence was rejected by a Burmese court on 2 October Although the court accepted the argument that the constitution, under which she had been charged, was null and void, it also said the provisions of the security law, under which she has been kept under house arrest, remained in force.
The verdict effectively meant that she would be unable to participate in the elections scheduled to take place in — the first in Burma in two decades. Her lawyer stated that her legal team would pursue a new appeal within 60 days. More recently, there has been growing criticism of her detention by Burma's neighbours in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, particularly from Indonesia,  Thailand,  the Philippines   and Singapore.
The United Nations has urged the country to move towards inclusive national reconciliation, the restoration of democracy, and full respect for human rights.
In contrast with other ASEAN member states, Dung said Vietnam has always supported Myanmar and hopes it will continue to implement the " roadmap to democracy " outlined by its government. It was announced prior to the Burmese general election that Aung San Suu Kyi may be released "so she can organize her party",  However, Aung San Suu Kyi was not allowed to run. The US Government hoped that successful general elections would be an optimistic indicator of the Burmese government's sincerity towards eventual democracy.
In a personal letter to Aung San Suu Kyi, UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown cautioned the Burmese government of the potential consequences of rigging elections as "condemning Burma to more years of diplomatic isolation and economic stagnation". She appeared in front of a crowd of her supporters, who rushed to her house in Rangoon when nearby barricades were removed by the security forces.
Aung San Suu Kyi had been detained for 15 of the past 21 years. Discussions were held between Suu Kyi and the Burmese government during , which led to a number of official gestures to meet her demands. In October, around a tenth of Burma's political prisoners were freed in an amnesty and trade unions were legalised. In November , following a meeting of its leaders, the NLD announced its intention to re-register as a political party to contend 48 by-elections necessitated by the promotion of parliamentarians to ministerial rank.
In December , there was speculation that Aung San Suu Kyi would run in the national by-elections to fill vacant seats. On 3 March , at a large campaign rally in Mandalay , Aung San Suu Kyi unexpectedly left after 15 minutes, because of exhaustion and airsickness. In an official campaign speech broadcast on Burmese state television's MRTV on 14 March , Aung San Suu Kyi publicly campaigned for reform of the Constitution , removal of restrictive laws, more adequate protections for people's democratic rights, and establishment of an independent judiciary.
Suu Kyi has also called for international media to monitor the upcoming by-elections, while publicly pointing out irregularities in official voter lists, which include deceased individuals and exclude other eligible voters in the contested constituencies. When asked whether she would assume a ministerial post if given the opportunity, she said the following: . And I am not working so hard to get into parliament simply to vacate my seat.
On 26 March , Aung San Suu Kyi suspended her nationwide campaign tour early, after a campaign rally in Myeik Mergui , a coastal town in the south, citing health problems due to exhaustion and hot weather. Although she and other MP-elects were expected to take office on 23 April when the Hluttaws resumed session, National League for Democracy MP-elects, including Aung San Suu Kyi, said they might not take their oaths because of its wording; in its present form, parliamentarians must vow to "safeguard" the constitution.
Changing that wording in the oath is also in conformity with the Constitution. I don't expect there will be any difficulty in doing it.
Although she was awarded this medal in , at the time she was under house arrest, and was unable to receive the medal. Aung San Suu Kyi was greeted with bipartisan support at Congress, as part of a coast-to-coast tour in the United States.
The experience was described by Aung San Suu Kyi as "one of the most moving days of my life. The NLD won a sweeping victory in those elections, winning at least seats in the House of Representatives and seats in the House of Nationalities. Under the constitution, the NLD needed to win at least a two-thirds majority in both houses to ensure that its candidate would become president.
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi--known to the world as an icon for democracy and nonviolent dissent in oppressed Burma, and to her followers as simply "The Lady"--has recently returned to international headlines. Now, this major new biography offers essential reading at a moment when Burma, after decades of stagnation, is once again in flux. Suu Kyi's remarkable life begins with that of her father, Aung San. The architect of Burma's independence, he was assassinated when she was only two. In , she married Michael Aris, a British scholar.
It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subjected to it. Artists have long used art for patriotic purposes to signify important historical events. Emanuel Leutze's Washington Crossing the Delaware 2 signifies hope and courage in the face of adversity, and Eugene Delacroix's Marianne is a French national symbol and allegory for liberty and freedom. Conversely, in Soviet Russia and communist China, socialist realist art was used to reify and idealize the totalitarian leader and glorify his accomplishments; in America, Diego Rivera used socialist realism to promote a communist political agenda, when he added Vladimir Lenin to his mural, Man at the Crossroads , in the Rockefeller Center in New York.
PDF | This book is the first political biography of Aung San Suu Kyi covering both her years in opposition and all her years in power from
Upon her release in November , she immediately took up her work with the democracy movement and proved that she remains the most important political force in Burma. But what is she really like? Born in as the daughter of Burma's national hero Aung San, she was two years old when he was assassinated, just before Burma gained the independence to which he had dedicated his life.
Throughout the world, she is associated with a peaceful struggle for democracy and human rights. In Burma all names are individual and people do not have last names. Her father is known as the founder of independent Burma in … But what is she really like? In , her party triumphed in elections rigged against […] Further Reading on Aung San. Born in as the daughter of Burma's national hero Aung San, she was two years old when he was assassinated, just before Burma gained the independence to which he had dedicated his life.
Search this site. Celebrated today as one of the world's greatest exponents of non-violent political defiance since Mahatma Gandhi, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize only four years after her first experience of politics.
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