File Name: the official polish joke book .zip
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Therefore, it was worth comparing how much they share. Volume one, which will be reviewed, is devoted to jokes and related forms, while the second one focuses on identity.
The book titled Jokes and their relations is composed of eight Estonian and eight Polish papers, which form parallel sets. As for the subjects anal- ysed, the whole volume can be divided into two parts. Such an approach allows for providing a wide-spectrum picture of various aspects of humour in a cross-cultural perspective.
Krikmann presents an overview of Estonian three nation jokes from So- viet time, s and present time, analysing changes which occurred in the joke type in the periods considered. The stereotypes of the two nations are compared with those of other nations, for in- stance, Americans. It is done in order to determine if and how ethnic stereotypes function in contemporary jokes. Moreover, more nationalities appear and they tend to be represented by male characters.
Two papers discuss the social aspect of jokes, mainly woman and family in Estonian and Polish jokelore. Liisi Laineste in her paper Women in Estonian jokes pp.
Due to the fact that joke-telling has been mostly a male practice the gender stereo- types are more aggressive and misogynistic. The author also pays atten- tion to political undertones of the Soviet jokes. The article presents the change of the context and the characteristics of the targets in socialism and post-socialism.
The article titled Family in Polish jokes by Dorota Brzozowska pp. The research mate- rial comprises jokes from the period from the late s up to now, taken from books, booklets, newspapers and the Internet. As the author points out, there is no special kind of family joke in Polish culture. The reluctance to create new targets is observed. Therefore, the conclusion can be drawn that Polish family jokes do not refer to current problems and phenomena, as they remain mostly traditional.
The aim of the author is to show how the cultural con- text as well as the performer and the audience interaction function in terms of gaining popularity. Two periods are analysed: the Soviet time and the present time, with a special focus on the topics and targets. In the former, estrada performances were popular with audience, since they commented on the regime and everyday life of people in a subtle way.
By conducting a historically oriented anal- ysis the author presents how the traditions have been adopted in a way which allows for the foreign element functioning as an aspect of collec- tive identity. Political jokes are the subject of two papers. An outline of the phenomenon pp.
The author presents various linguistic devices which are active in situation-oriented humour p. He concludes that such units are very attractive in communication, since they are communica- tively versatile and have connotative and ludic potential.
The subject is viewed from the point of view of censorship: the history of censorship in Soviet Estonia is dis- cussed with a focal issue on the regulations regarding the content of humourous texts and images from the pres period.
In the Soviet time humour and ambiguity were not allowed, as the public sphere was under political censorship. After humour started to perform new functions, such as being a means of de-Sovietisation. The focal issue of the article is the censor- ship in the communist Poland. Furthermore, he analyses the role of the underground publi- cations, noticing that underground publishers after played an im- portant role in the creation of opposition in Poland during the period of Communism.
Anneli Baran in her paper titled Visual humour on the Internet pp. The author draws attention to blending of written and spoken language in mod- ern communication, which is a very important phenomenon in a linguo- cultural perspective. This tendency can be observed in, for instance, var- ious forms of on-line communication. Thanks to the iconic motivation of the units they can be exploited as a means of visualisation. Such use is them is illustrated with well-chosen and interesting examples.
The other paper dealing with visual aspects is titled Pictorial representation of idioms in Internet humour pp. It was written by Tomasz Pie- kot who discusses visualising idiomatic expressions in Internet humour. His article is based on empirical studies conducted on selected demotiva- tors which contain idioms.
Another issue discussed in the volume is the phenomenon of ag- gressiveness on the Internet. The article titled Verbal expressions of aggres- siveness on the Estonian Internet by Liisi Laineste pp. The author focuses on anonymous comments, thematic forums and social networking media and blogs from the material collected from to for the needs of a research study coordinated by the Ministry of Justice in Estonia.
Related issues are also discussed by Anna Tereszkiewicz. Aggressive- ness on Polish discussion groups and social networking sites pp. The material selected for the analysis comes from forums and social media. In particular, the author concentrates on open anonymous forums, sign-in forums and social networking media, so important in modern communi- cation. Moreover, the relation between aggression and irony in language is presented.
In conclusion, the author stresses that the nature of online aggressiveness is complex due to many factors. The central point of the paper is the status of anti-proverbs in the Polish public space. The author states that they not only are means of expressing emotional attitudes, but also serve as one of commenting on reality in a way which is not so anti-proverbial as it could be expected. The idea of presenting selected issues in a series parallel articles allows for perfect comparison of the issues discussed and constitutes a model of how contrastive research can be presented.
It facilitates observing what is shared in the way given phenomena developed in the two cultures. The articles contributed to the volume deal mostly with humour which is presented in various texts of culture. Two other issues, proverbs and online aggressiveness, are also discussed. The volume is highly recommended for those who are interested in linguo-cultural studies, es- pecially in humour, media texts and on-line communication. To sum up, it can be concluded that it is a valuable publication because of many reasons: the choice of the topics discussed, so relevant in the modern world, the level of the papers which give an insight into the matters dis- cussed, and the idea of structuring the volume into sections containing two articles each, a model to be followed, and careful editing.
Joanna Szerszunowicz University of Bialystok. Related Papers. By Liisi Laineste and Piret Voolaid. By Liisi Laineste. From Joke Tales to Demotivators. Volume 2: Perspectives on national and regional identity. By Manuel Garin. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link.
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While stationed at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina he wrote, produced, directed and performed in camp stage shows doing comedy routines. Wilde graduated from the University of Miami in Florida where he worked his way through school performing at Miami Beach nightclubs and hotels. Miller School of Medicine in Miami's Health District, a law school on the main campus, and the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science focused on the study of oceanography and atmospheric sciences on Virginia Key, with research facilities at the Richmond Facility in southern Miami-Dade County. Founder, National Humor Month celebrated annually in April. Founded in , the paper has won Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper.
Larry Wilde born Herman Wildman 6 February is a standup comedian, television and stage actor, motivational speaker, university instructor and publisher. Best known as the author of 53 published books of humor. His siblings were Milton, Benjamin and Miriam. He chose Larry Wilde as a professional name when he began a career in show business.
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Внезапно домохозяйки штата Миннесота начали жаловаться компаниям Америка онлайн и Вундеркинд, что АНБ, возможно, читает их электронную почту, - хотя агентству, конечно, не было дела до рецептов приготовления сладкого картофеля. Провал Стратмора дорого стоил агентству, и Мидж чувствовала свою вину - не потому, что могла бы предвидеть неудачу коммандера, а потому, что эти действия были предприняты за спиной директора Фонтейна, а Мидж платили именно за то, чтобы она эту спину прикрывала. Директор старался в такие дела не вмешиваться, и это делало его уязвимым, а Мидж постоянно нервничала по этому поводу. Но директор давным-давно взял за правило умывать руки, позволяя своим умным сотрудникам заниматься своим делом, - именно так он вел себя по отношению к Тревору Стратмору.
- Вы хотите, чтобы я проникла в секретную базу данных ARA и установила личность Северной Дакоты. Стратмор улыбнулся, не разжимая губ. - Вы читаете мои мысли, мисс Флетчер.
Он посмотрел вверх, на крышу трехэтажного дома, развернулся и бросился назад, но почти тут же остановился. В некотором отдалении от него возникла фигура человека, приближавшегося медленно и неотвратимо. В руке его поблескивал пистолет. Беккер, отступая к стене, вновь обрел способность мыслить четко и ясно. Он почувствовал жжение в боку, дотронулся до больного места и посмотрел на руку.
Никто не мог даже пошевелиться. Спустя три мучительные секунды все еще ничего не произошло. Сирены по-прежнему выли. Пять секунд. Шесть секунд.
- Всего лишь какие-то обрывки, в полном виде -. Фонтейн медленно кивнул и улыбнулся одними уголками губ.
Разница между ураном и плутонием. Ответа не последовало. Сьюзан повернулась к Соши. - Выход в Интернет. Здесь есть браузер.
Он не привык, чтобы кто-то повышал на него голос, пусть даже это был его главный криптограф. Он немного смешался. Сьюзан напряглась как тигрица, защищающая своего детеныша. - Сьюзан, ты же говорила с. Разве Дэвид тебе не объяснил.
Did you hear about the Polack?